【歌姬科普】“初音未来”到底是谁?【初音ミク诞生3900天纪念】

说到初音未来,虽然大家都听说过她,但是总可能会有人发问,她究竟“是什么”?她到底是什么样的存在?

我们从她的最初开始讲起。

最初的未来之声

2004年,日本雅马哈株式会社(YAMAHA)利用其拥有产权的“Frequency-domain Singing Articulation Splicing and Shaping”(原称,即“频域歌声发音粘接及整形”)技术,创造出了定名为“VOCALOID”的歌声合成软件引擎。雅马哈以“VOCAL”(歌唱的)+“OID”(词缀,意思是“类似~的”,“~状的”,结合“human”即为“humanoid”,意为有人的特点的、“人形机”等)命名这一软件。由创作者操作VOCALOID编辑器(引擎),配合对应的声库(VOCALOID™ VOICE LIBRARY)进行声音合成,即可使软件发出近似人类的声音。这就是“VOCALOID”的由来。

2004年,日本Crypton Future Media株式会社(此时该公司创建已有9年历史)开发了其首款VOCALOID(V1)声库,成品为MEIKO。此前Crypton曾多次与有关方面合作、学习或商谈VOCALOID声库制作事宜。该公司隔年后又开发了KAITO(全球第一个男性VOCALOID声库)。然而这两个VOCALOID声库在当时并没有为Crypton带来很多收入。

随后,2007年,Crypton开始研发符合VOCALOID 2技术标准的声库“ミク”(暂定)。“ミク”的原始设定为歌声甜美的17岁偶像歌手。

Crypton同时公布了这张沿用至今的、拥有绝对意义的原始设定画。

CFM 初音未来(V2)设定画(illustration by KEI © Crypton Future Media, INC. www.piapro.net Piapro LOGO 此设定画本身由Crypton经CC BY NC协议,授权非商业使用)

随后,她的名称从“ミク”正式定为“初音ミク”(日语罗马音:Hatsune Miku。“ミク”的官方汉字写法是“未来”)。起名“初音”的意思是“初次的声音”(日语:初めての音),而这里的“声音”指的是歌声。同时,“初音”也象征着“出发点”,而“未来”象征着VOCALOID所代表的未来的音乐的可能性。

当她的“DEMO SONG”(声库展示曲)“01_ballade”(正式定名“星のカケラ”,即星之碎片。想到是哪首歌了吗?)发布的时候,许多人都惊呆了。此时“初音ミク”声库的预定数目甚至超出了制作人wat桑(佐々木 渉,Crypton 声库制作人,目前仍在Crypton供职)的预期。

世界上有这么可爱的虚拟歌手?世界上有这样的歌声?

她改变的未来

2007年8月31日,“初音ミク(VOCALOID™2 VOICE LIBRARY)”作为Crypton “Character Vocal Series”(CVシリーズ,“角色主唱系列”)正式发售。2007年9月10日,这一软件已占有日本音乐软件市场高达30.4%(随后的份额下降也是由于Crypton的新VOCALOID 2声库“鏡音リン・レン”,即镜音铃·连,于2007年12月发售)。Crypton作为音乐软件/音源贩卖商的市场份额,也因为“初音ミク”而从6%飙升至33.9%。截止2008年1月,这一软件售出了约3万份(每份原价15, 750日元)。截止2008年7月23日,这一软件售出了约4万份,并继续以每周300份购买的速度继续抢占市场份额。

初音未来的传说,在2007年8月31日开启了。

星のカケラ》(“星之碎片” 平沢栄司 feat.初音ミク),《Ievan Polkka(“甩葱歌” Otomania feat.初音ミク),ハジメテノオト(最初的声音 malo feat.初音ミク),Packaged(kz feat.初音ミク),みくみくにしてあげる♪(把你MikuMiku掉♪ ika(鶴田加茂) X MOSAIC.WAV feat.初音ミク),恋スルVOC@LOID(恋爱中的VOC@LOID OSTER PROJECT feat.初音ミク),moon(iroha(sasaki) feat.初音ミク),ワールドイズマイン(世界第一的公主殿下 ryo(supercell) feat.初音ミク)…..

随后几年,Crypton又推出两款“角色主唱系列”新作声库:鏡音リンレン(镜音铃·连),巡音ルカ(巡音流歌)。她们和MEIKO(升级为VOCALOID V3版本)、KAITO(升级为VOCALOID V3版本)、Miku一道,成就了实际包含Crypton所有歌姬,但以“初音未来”为名的创作文化的一员。

CFM 镜音铃(V2)设定画(illustration by KEI © Crypton Future Media, INC. www.piapro.net Piapro LOGO 此设定画本身由Crypton经CC BY NC协议,授权非商业使用)
CFM 镜音连(V2)设定画(illustration by KEI © Crypton Future Media, INC. www.piapro.net Piapro LOGO 此设定画本身由Crypton经CC BY NC协议,授权非商业使用)
CFM 巡音流歌(V2)设定画(illustration by KEI © Crypton Future Media, INC. www.piapro.net Piapro LOGO 此设定画本身由Crypton经CC BY NC协议,授权非商业使用)
CFM MEIKO(V3)设定画(illustration by iXima © Crypton Future Media, INC. www.piapro.net Piapro LOGO
CFM KAITO(V3)设定画(illustration by iXima © Crypton Future Media, INC. www.piapro.net Piapro LOGO

文化?文化!

接下来的事,是谁都不会想到的。由于日本对同人文化、同人创作的喜爱,以及Crypton社对初音未来同人创作的广泛且开放的许可,初音未来有关的音乐、歌词、形象、同人设定等创作,伴随着日本蓬勃发展的互联网(pixiv.net、niconico)、其特有的同人文化而飞速扩大,大量的同人作品涌出(而部分得到了VOCALOID社群、甚至是非VOCALOID受众的广泛认可),并在日本逐渐孕育出现象级的影响。

随后是许多人的初心、也是首次引起大范围轰动的,2010年的初音ミク “39’s Giving Day” 准全息演唱会(点击这里访问百科)。接下来展开的初音ミク ライブパーティー(Mikupa♪)演唱会系列(点击这里访问百科),都是让Miku更能大放异彩的场合。

十年间,随着技术更新,Crypton也就初音未来声库本身,发布了VOCALOID 2 Append声库(音色补充包),VOCALOID 3 日文(多音色)&英文、VOCALOID 4 日文、英文、日文多音色&E.V.E.C、中文(2017年8月31日发售的原生中文声库)等版本的声库软件。

因为广泛的创作中,部分的内容得到广泛认可,“葱娘”(来源歌曲:Ievan Polkka 调教:Otomania),“公主殿下”(来源歌曲:ワールドイズマイン ryo(supercell)、”深海少女“(来源歌曲:深海少女 ゆうゆ)等赋予Miku的”设定人格“也变得广为人知。

原本作为工具贩卖的VOCALOID 2声库和设定形象,逐渐演变成为现在的形态——软件、”歌手“、音乐潮流、甚至一种文化(在日本,围绕初音未来而产生的“創作の連鎖”(创作连锁反应),已然导致创作文化的形成)。

走到世界中央

再后来?MIKU EXPO 世界巡回演唱会系列、マジカルミライ(魔法未来)演唱会系列逐渐成为稳定的初音未来准全息演唱会形式,让初音未来的歌声在日本和世界的各个角落闪耀。这几年间,初音未来更是与日本和世界文化通过各种方式结合。冨田勲先生(成功把电子合成乐引进古典音乐的第一人)音乐会、法国“THE END”初音未来歌剧、“初音未来 X 鼓童”演唱会系列、“初音未来 X 超歌舞伎”演唱会系列、“初音未来交响乐”演唱会系列等层出不穷的新演唱会形式让人应接不暇。

随着《月·西江》(SolPie(国人P主) feat.初音ミク 日语声库调教中文)、《Tell Your World》(livetune feat.初音ミク 日语 现象级名曲,200+国家数字发行)、《Sharing The World》(BIGHEAD feat.初音ミク 英语)、《Chentaku》(Zizan Razak feat.初音ミク 日语声库调教马来西亚语)、《Venus di Ujung Jari》(mohaku(VOCALO.ID) feat.初音ミク 日文声库调教印度尼西亚语)等由世界各地创作者创作、备受各国受众喜爱的“外语”歌曲登上MIKU EXPO等演唱会,她一点一点证明了,由她带来的热爱可以影响到世界的各个角落。

2017年8月31日,纪念着初音未来的10周岁诞生日(点击这里听《Birthday》 ryuryu feat.初音ミク。)。这一天及随后的“魔法未来”演唱会,让喜爱她的大家积蓄已久的情绪得以爆发。

2017年9月3日晚上,幕张Messe国际展览馆,魔法未来2017演唱会的最后一次演出,她哭了。这是有史以来第一次由初音未来官方制作的哭声参与演出,是为一直一直深爱着她的人们,送上的“ありがとう”。

而她先前已经初步进行了的中国之行,也正是在这一纪念日,由“初音未来 V4 中文版”,即初音未来 VOCALOID 4 中文声库(V4C)软件的发布发售、“POPPRO 初音未来官方投稿网站”的正式上线,而正式拉开大幕(Crypton与其签约的初音未来中国大陆地区版权总代理“上海新创华文化发展有限公司”SCLA社称此为初音未来中国计划)。

同年,初音未来“未来有你”演唱会系列正式由SCLA确立为中国常驻的演唱会形式,并在当年11月25日于上海成功举办该系列的首次演唱会。

初音未来官方微博 初音未来 V4 中文版设定画 illustration by 豆の素 supported by iXima © Crypton Future Media, INC. www.piapro.net Piapro LOGO

点击这里听《初岚》 DECO*27 feat.初音未来(V4C)【初音未来 V4 中文版 声库展示曲】。

点击这里听《你好》 Mikai Music&MusikM feat.初音未来(V4C)【初音未来 V4 中文版 声库展示曲】。

拨开一切云和雾,掀起一场暴风雨,聆听你心中的那一些呼唤求助,朝光芒的梦想迈步;

你好!荣幸初次会面 很高兴和你再相见 ありがとう 感谢你歌唱过 就让我们一起许下承诺 向前走你和我。

初音未来的未来正在由我们创造,而你也可以成为其中一员!

“初音未来”声库演进、部分历史,详见:初音未来(https://zh.moegirl.org/%E5%88%9D%E9%9F%B3%E6%9C%AA%E6%9D%A5)
本文部分片段引自萌娘百科(https://zh.moegirl.org/),相关文字内容遵守【知识共享 署名-非商业性使用-相同方式共享 3.0】协议。

【责任编辑:残影】

36 thoughts on “【歌姬科普】“初音未来”到底是谁?【初音ミク诞生3900天纪念】”

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